Afacerea Mistral şi alte vânzări de arme către Rusia marchează prima înfrângere a NATO după summit (Partea I)

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    Vladimir Socor scrie despre afacerea franco-rusă Mistral şi alte vânzări de arme din Occident pentru Rusia:

    În Ajunul Crăciunului, Kremlinul şi Palatul Elysee au anunţat la unison un acord definitiv privind cumpărarea de către Rusia a două nave de război franceze de tip Mistral şi planificarea achiziţionării altora două într-un stadiu ulterior. Preşedinţii Dimitri Medvedev şi Nicolas Sarkozy s-au felicitat reciproc la telefon pentru această afacere de Crăciun. Separat, Palatul Elysee a descris perfectarea afacerii ca o victorie pentru Franţa şi a sa industrie navală , având 1.000 de locuri de muncă garantate pentru construirea primelor două nave în cei patru ani care vor urma. Cu toate acestea, Andre Glucksmann, vechi prieten al lui Sarkozy şi publicist influent, a catalogat anunţul din Ajunului Crăciunului drept unul care şi-a propus să distragă atenţia publicului de la o afacere „murdară”.

    În paralel, sunt perfectate mai multe acorduri bilaterale privind vânzarea de arme între ţări NATO şi Rusia, fără să se ia în calcul impactul lor asupra planurilor Alianţei de apărare sau a intereselor de securitate a membrilor NATO sau ţărilor partenere care au graniţă cu Rusia. Afacerea franceză Mistral pare să fi deschis zăgazul vânzărilor de arme către Rusia din partea industriilor de armament ale Europei Occidentale.  Aceste afaceri erau ca şi perfectate înaintea Summitului NATO de la Lisabona din 20-21 noiembrie, dar confirmările ruseşti au fost puse în aşteptare până la încheierea summitului. Sub acest aspect, Summitul de la Lisabona a marcat într-adevăr o cumpănă „istorică” , deşi nu în sensul redat de euforia post-summit.

    Navele de război de tip Mistral sunt proiectate pentru acţiuni ofensive prin debarcare şi atac aerian, folosind elicoptere de luptă şi vehicole blindate îmbarcate pe navă pentru susţinerea operaţiunilor forţelor terestre. În doctrina militară rusă, precum şi în planificările comandamentelor din Marea Neagră şi Marea Baltică, forţele navale sunt privite ca auxiliare ale forţelor terestre în cazul unor operaţiuni ofensive la sol. Acesta a fost rolul Flotei Ruse din Marea Neagră la invazia Georgiei din august 2008 , după care Kremlinul a decis să cumpere nave de război Mistral pentru a-şi întări exponenţial capabilităţile de atac dinspre mare.

    [Primul-ministru francez Francois] Fillon va fi ţinut minte pentru opoziţia sa faţă de acordarea Planului de Acţiune pentru aderarea Georgiei la NATO la summitul Alianţei din 2008, argumentând că un astfel de plan va schimba „balanţa puterii” în detrimentul Rusiei.

    Moscova a anunţat decizia de a cumpăra nave de război Mistral în toamna lui 2008, imediat după invadarea Georgiei, legând în mod explicit această decizie de lecţiile învăţate din acel război.

    Mistral and Other Arms Sales to Russia Mark NATO’s First Post-Summit Defeat (Part One)

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    Un gând despre “Afacerea Mistral şi alte vânzări de arme către Rusia marchează prima înfrângere a NATO după summit (Partea I)

    1. Un fragment dintr-un interesant discurs tradus pe Frontpagemag, autor Valeria Novodvorskaia .

      The Death of Illusions

      I think that it is time to turn to Tolkien, for darkness is descending upon the world. This is not because of the volcano (or whatever it was called), but because a new age has begun, and the sun will not rise. It has begun because the West — our hope and our foundation, our Promised Land to which we looked in admiration — is giving up its perennial principles and values. It is an époque of a total and absolute betrayal, the year of absolute betrayal.

      Obama was everyone’s hope, for we thought that he was a pupil of Salinger and would be saving us, lost children, in the rye over the abyss. We thought he would protect us from lies and would not let us fall — and that there would be an end of double-faced diplomacy and the beginning of some integrity. What, however, have we witnessed instead? Perezagruzka (resetting) – restarting of friendships. We have witnessed the most shameful acquiescence, the flattery of Putin and Medvedev. And it is done with a total shamelessness that does not have an end.

      And the whole world joined in, following this course with the greatest of care. Britain is altogether silent; it has stopped its objections. There is a total change of policy in Germany. Angela Merkel no longer notices or mentions the nightmarish events that are taking place here. In Italy, Berlusconi has not noticed us or cared about us for the longest time, and Nicolas Sarkozy is selling warships to Russia, two Mistral warships, so that he can make more employment for Frenchmen. And he spits at the reality that he is creating, for these Mistral warships will sail to the Crimea, to Georgia (Caucasus). It is a total betrayal. It is a betrayal of Georgia as well, a country that has not, after all, been accepted into NATO.

      […]

      In other words, we have been sold out. The West has sold — betrayed altogether — that small part of the Russian population that has upheld the values of freedom and was ready to walk barefoot upholding liberty through snow and perennial ice. It was ready to climb every mountain and every peak. And the selling out was done in a manner that has not happened for a very long time. To be truthful, I had not expected this from President Obama.

      And if now they will ratify the agreement of the START treaty, this will be understood as a gift to Russia, as an agreement with every detail of its policy. There will be no more “interference” in our internal concentration camp. And as there sat in prison the Chinese dissident Liu Xiaobo, this year’s Nobel Peace Prize winner, in this manner he will continue sitting. He is to be imprisoned for 10 more years, and it is very possible that he will not come out alive and will never see that Nobel Prize.

      Nobody defends political prisoners. Nobody defends Khodarkovsky, and this could have been done very easily and quickly. All that is necessary is for the members of the G8 to raise their voices in a decisive manner. Were this to be done, the case of YUKOS would have been dissipated like a horrible dream. But no — the members have permitted this trial, and this public auto de fé, this public torment, continues on and on.

      I actually think that there is a simple reason why Judge Danilkin was told to postpone the reading of the sentence. It was decided to wait for the most fiery Western journalists to take their Christmas vacation — December 25th is the world’s Christmas — and then in the rush and business of the season (the season’s meaning is nothing to them) with Putin’s four hour speech on TV in the background, they were made to read such a shameful judgment that all of us had no choice but to be silently aghast. And we will be absolutely ashamed, and we will not be able to do anything, not even to sit next to the sentenced men, as long ago we, dissidents, used to sit down. And it is our shame that we must watch this nightmare.

      […]

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